Afghanistan first joined the United Nations in 1946. Since then, the UN and its entities have started working in the country under the mandate of General Assembly and Security Council.
For decades, the United Nations has been the leader of the international community in Afghanistan. Throughout the last ten years the United Nation’s support for capacity building and the strengthening of Afghan institutions, as well as its role in humanitarian and reconstruction efforts have been crucial for the country, as it emerges from over thirty years of war and crisis, from political reconstruction to dealing with emigrants and opium. Something included the UN involvement in the last thirty years in Afghanistan. Almost everyone in the country knows about it. In March 2002 the Security Council established the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA) to manage all UN humanitarian, relief, recovery and reconstruction projects.
For example, UNAMAs involvement in election monitoring, counter-narcotics efforts, infrastructure development and anti-corruption efforts all extended beyond its original mandate. The increased number of UN entities operating under UNAMA’s umbrella in Afghanistan, which is now over thirty, are evidence of its expansion across the country and demonstrate a divergence from the light footprint approach.
UNAMA has played a critical role in the past by doing its best to ensure free and fair elections in the country. During the 2005 and 2009 elections, UNAMA administered and financed election support and all international election aid was channeled through the UN.
People voice their protests to UNAMA and it has been kind of a source of interpellation for them. Recently UNAMA called for the postponement of planned demonstration by the Enlightening Movement.
UN’s involvement in the area of education is voluminous. It has fostered education in Afghanistan in so many ways.
-by Alisina D.