Since the annexation of Crimea, a majoritarily-Russian region of Ukraine, by Russia, the South-Est of the country, also of majoritarily-Russian population, is suffering from a crisis. The Russian army, still present in the region, is far from ending the conflict between the pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainians who favor more ties with the European Union. The latter is nevertheless attempting to resolve this conflict to protect the interests that it has put at stake.
Indeed, having a conflictual zone near the EU’s borders is not to its benefit, as the zone could rapidly spread to include neighboring countries, something previously witnessed during the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s. Additionally, Russia is one of the more important providers of energy resources, notably natural gas, to the EU. If the conflict continues to go on for long, Vladimir Putin, who does already not approve of the EU’s aid to nationalist Ukrainians, could decide to reduce or eliminate all energy supplies to the EU.
The institution, which therefore wishes for the conflict to end soon, is implementing measures for peace. In September 2014 and February 2015 took place two conferences in Minsk, Belarus, which resulted in cease-fires in the presence of some of the most influential members of the EU, François Hollande and Angela Merkel. This type of resolution is, however, rarely respected for more than a few days. More measure will be necessary to resolve this conflict, which has already killed more than 50,000, in a peaceful manner.
by Emma P.