In the final years of high school, students in Brazil have to pass the ENEM, the equivalent of the American SAT. This standardized test required by Brazilian universities consists of questions in all subjects taught in high school. The process of admission in Brazilian universities strongly distinguishes itself from that of many countries in the fact that there is no consideration of grades acquired over one’s school years, nor of philanthropic projects undertaken over the course of one’s life. The ENEM is the only diploma needed in order to be accepted; as a result, those who score insufficient grades in the test are not able to get into a prestigious university. They are, however, offered an entire year during which they can study more by taking special classes, and eventually retake the test.
by Gabriela N.