Religion in Brazil is very diverse and is characterized by syncretism. The Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the church and state are officially separated, with Brazil being a secular state. Brazilian law prohibits all forms of intolerance, and religious practice usually free in the country. According to the International Religious Freedom Report 2005, prepared by the United States Department of State, the “generally amicable relationship among religions contributes to religious freedom” in Brazil. Brazil is a religiously diverse country, with the trend of mobility between religions and religious syncretism.
According to data, religions that stand out in Brazil are Catholicism (65%), Protestantism (22.2%), Spiritualist (2%), Jehovah’s Witnesses (0.7%), Umbanda (0.2%), Buddhism (0.13%), Candomblé (0.09%), new Eastern religions (0.08%), Judaism (0.06%) and exoteric traditions (0.04%).
At the beginning of Brazilian colonization by Portugal, the official religion was Catholicism, and here existing natives were polytheists, therefore there were charges by the Portuguese crown to catechize them. But in the course of the Brazilian emancipation all religions have become accepted. In addition to the vast culture in the country, social relations expand and generate miscegenation of peoples and beliefs.
by Djamily R.