Nuclear security: what about Brazil?


Flag_of_BrazilNuclear power accounts for about 3% of the energy matrix of Brazil, being produced by two pressurized water reactors in Nuclear Almirante Álvaro Alberto in Angra dos Reis. The construction of a third reactor began in June 2010, and it is expected to become operational in May 2018. The Brazilian company in charge of producing nuclear energy is called Eletronuclear.

Of all industrial activities, nuclear generation is one that offers the least risk. In 30 years of operation of the plants Angra, there has never been an accident or event that might endanger the plant workers, the public, or the environment in the region.

 

Security is a commitment that is crystallized in the Integrated Management Policy of Eletrobras Eletronuclear. It is a priority and precedes productivity and economy and should never be compromised for any reason. Eletronuclear has established security as one of the most relevant points of its organizational culture; it guides all activities of the company, even those that are apparently unrelated. One of the major concepts used is that of defense in depth, i.e. a series of barriers, as an obstacle. They work across operating systems, security and instrumentation to control a plant. The risk of an accident is not fully eliminated, but reduced to very low levels.

 

Relations between Brazil and Iran

After the inauguration of Dilma Rousseff, elected president of Brazil in 2011, relations between the two countries cooled. Brazil adopted a position of caution and relative distancing from Tehran, which has already expressed its annoyance at the new Brazilian diplomatic guidelines. The spokesman of the Iranian president, Ali Akbar Javanfekr, was critical of the Brazilian government in an interview with the newspaper Folha de S. Paulo. According to him, “Dilma destroyed years of good relations.” The Foreign Ministry denied any unease among countries.

 

Relations between Brazil and North Korea

Brazil has not maintained diplomatic relations with North Korea from the country’s founding in 1945 until 2001. In 2001, during the administration of Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and Kim Jong Il as the supreme leader of Korea North, diplomatic relations have been quietly established between North Korea and Brazil. In July 2009, the ambassador entered North Korea and took up his post in Pyongyang, making Brazil one of only 25 countries in the world to currently maintain embassies in North Korea. The other countries that have diplomatic relations with Pyongyang are represented by their embassies in Beijing and Seoul. Relations between North Korea and Brazil have increased considerably since Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva took office in January 2003. On 23 May 2006, the Central Bureau of North Korea News (KCNA) and the Brazilian media reported that the two countries had signed a trade agreement.

 

The Brazil is a signatory of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. The consonance of the country is therefore absolutely with countries wishing to use the potential of nuclear research for peaceful purposes only. In addition, they reject terrorism, in whatever form it is manifested.

by Djamily R.