International Organisations – Germany

EU, UN, NATO, OECD, WTO – as an important player on the international political stage, Germany is a member of many international organisations.

However, this has not always been the case. After devastating World War 2 divided Germany was largely excluded form international co-operation. Konrad Adenauer, who governed Germany as chancellor from 1949 until 1963, fought hard to join NATO in 1955 as a first step to integrate Germany into the Western community of states.

Despite this success, it took until 1973 that both – West Germany (BDR) and East Germany (DDR) – were accepted to become part of the United Nations. For several years, the reunified Germany strives now for a seat in the Security Council as well.

West Germany was a founding member of the Council of Europe in 1949 and the European Union, which took its start as the European Communities (EC) in 1952.

It also co-founded the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1961 and is part of the World Trade Organisation.

As one of the biggest industrial nations worldwide Germany is part of the “G8”, which is a discussion forum for joined interests among its members.

Being the most populous state in Europe as well as an economic heavyweight Germany is largely involved in international organisations on a European as well as international level. Looking back into the second half of the 20th century it is also worthwhile noticing that Germany has also profited from international collaboration to free itself form post-World War isolation.

by Schirin H.