Fransisco Morazan: A hero, a martyr

“Union makes force.” This phrase briefly describes the ideals of one of the most courageous men in Latin America. Born in Tegucigalpa when Honduras was still a Spanish colony, Fransisco Morazan fought not only for his country, but also for the freedom of Central American nations.

Francisco Morazan was influenced by Montesquieu, Rousseau’s “Social Contract”, the French Revolution, European History, and the biographies of Greek and Roman leaders. All these ideals, combined with the courage of a man of this caliber, formed the best liberator to Central America. He is to Central America what Simon Bolivar was to South America.

As the newly independent countries of Central America developed, they lacked a good and solid administration; the five Central American nations which then formed the Union were anexed by Mexico, but only for a short period of time. When the Union got its independance, Morazan’s ideal of the Federal Republic of Central America became a reality. Afterwards, the Union separated into the five states of Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Costa Rica and El Salvador.

Francisco Morazan served in the different Armies of the Federation as soldier and General. During his life, he was appointed President of Honduras, El Salvador and Costa Rica, and also of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1835. He made several liberal reforms, against the abuse of the Creoles, who gathered most of the money and lands. He also voided the tithe to the Catholic Church. Education was also one of his main preoccupations, as he believe that an uneducated people is doomed to failure.

His ideals were opposed to the ones of the elite (Creoles), who sentenced him to death and fusillades him. His dream of a united Central American nation was not possible, but his legacy changed the way of thinking of many and is still present in society.

by Dennis S.