Santos Dumont designed, built and flew the first dirigible balloons with gasoline engine. This merit you are guaranteed internationally for winning the Deutsch Prize in 1901, when a flight around the Eiffel Tower with his dirigible 6, becoming one of the most famous people in the world during the twentieth century. With the win the prize Deutsch, he was also, therefore, the first to meet a pre-established circuit under official testimony of experts, journalists and popular.
Santos Dumont was also the first to take off aboard a plane powered by a gasoline engine. On October 23, 1906 flew about 60 meters at a height of two to three meters with the Oiseau de Proie ‘(French for “bird of prey”), in the Bagatelle Field in Paris. Less than a month later, on November 12, before a crowd of witnesses, he ran 220 meters at a height of 6 meters with the Oiseau de Proie III.
These flights were first approved by the Aero Club of France of a device heavier than air, and possibly the first public demonstration of a vehicle rising flight by its own means, without the need for a ramp to launch. Although the Brazilian Santos Dumont consider as responsible for the first flight in an airplane, most of the world, credit the invention of the airplane is given to the Wright brothers. Dumont 14-bis had a self-propelled takeoff, officially recognized by the public and journalists, being the first sports activity aviation to be approved by the International Aeronautical Federation (FAI).
by Djamilly R.