Brazil at COP22 – Fighting Deforestation

The Brazilian delegation participating in the COP 22 in Marrakesh, Morocco, called for greater financial support for emerging countries to reduce deforestation and protect forests. The goal is to stop the emission of greenhouse gasses. The Brazilian participation in the 22nd Framework Conference of the Parties on Climate Change counts on senators, deputies, ministers and Itamaraty representatives. They accompany the discussion of topics such as renewable energies, biofuels, environmental education in schools and payments for environmental preservation.

The rapporteur of the Joint Commission on Climate Change, Senator Fernando Bezerra Coelho, highlighted the Brazilian leadership and defended, with the other senators, the debate around the rules of the so-called Redd +. This is the acronym for “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation” and is the mechanism for payment to countries for results of conservation of native vegetation.

Coal

For the delegation that represents the Senate, Brazil has only to gain from this negotiation. Therefore, they subscribed the letter elaborated by the Amazônia Sustentável Foundation in partnership with the Coalition Brazil Climate and Forests.

– It is necessary to begin immediately to face discussions that today are placed in Brazil. We will or will not work with the coal mills, will we or will not we use the coal that is located in Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul? This is a decision that implies profound changes in Brazilian infrastructure and industry. It is important, then, to know that the contributions that Brazil has made in Paris have important developments in its energy matrix, but also in its economy.-They said.

Amazonia

Senator Jorge Viana considers it important to strengthen the debate around the Redd + as a form of financing to reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses. He said the nearly 80 percent reduction in deforestation gives Brazil more credibility in the climate talks. He points out, however, that the clearing of forests is still related to the economic and social activity for a good part of the population, especially in the Amazon.

“Forests can not be only in the aspect of reducing deforestation, they must be seen as an economic asset in all its aspects. And that’s what this new discussion can open,” he said.

Environment Minister José Sarney Filho agreed that economic alternatives are needed to ensure “environmental balance,” but said the Brazilian government will not announce its position on the issue before the discussions are concluded. Sarney Filho assured, however, the resumption of the debates.


“Redd + is very welcome as one of the options we have to keep the forest in order to maintain ecosystems while improving the living conditions of people living in that region,” said Sarney Filho.

by Diamilly R.