The immigration process in Brazil intensified from 1808, when an expressive number of European immigrants arrived in the country.
The brand of immigration in Brazil can be perceived especially in the culture and economy of the two richest Brazilian regions: Southeast and South. Colonization was the initial objective of immigration in Brazil, aiming at the settlement and exploration of the land through agrarian activities. The creation of the colonies stimulated rural labor. Immigrants should be encouraged to introduce new and improved agricultural techniques, such as crop rotation, as well as the habit of consuming more vegetables. The cultural influence of the immigrant is also remarkable.
Immigration began in Brazil from 1530, when a relatively organized system of occupation and exploration of the new land began to be established. The trend increased from 1534, when the territory was divided into hereditary captaincies and important social centers were formed in São Vicente and Pernambuco. It was a movement at the same time a colonizer and a settler, since it contributed to the formation of the population that would become Brazilian, especially in a process of miscegenation that incorporated Portuguese, blacks and Indians.
Over time, not only did Africans and Europeans migrate to Brazil. Today, the number of immigrants from the Americas is extremely remarkable, especially Haiti and Bolivia.
In 10 years, the number of immigrants increases 160% in Brazil Only in 2015, almost 120 thousand foreigners entered the country. Haitians lead the current ranking, followed by Bolivians.
There is a clear increase in immigrants, partly explained by Brazil's economic momentum. There is a centrality to understand this movement: look at the labor market, which ends up being a thermometer of these numbers. And Brazil was projecting internationally, there was a demand for jobs.
In the period, the unemployment rate in the country went from two digits to only one, reaching the lowest index of the historical series of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) - 4.3%. Thus, the country has become attractive to immigrants in search of jobs and chances of a new life.
In the case of Haiti, for example, mass immigration began in January 2010, when an earthquake left 300,000 dead and destroyed much of the country. As Brazil was with the international mission in the country, there was an additional facility that helped to direct the flow of immigrants to Brazil - besides the possibility of obtaining a humanitarian visa.
The Brazilian government is contributing food aid and housing to foreign residents in the country. In this way, the situation of the majority of immigrants is of improvement, sometimes even better than in the country of origin.
- by Djamilly R.